What is animal livestock ? What are animal livestock activities and their benefits?

Animal production, or animal husbandry as it is commonly called, is a branch of agriculture that covers the care, feeding, production and breeding of domestic animals useful to humans with their products and power.

Animal production covers subjects such as basic sciences for animal production, animal breeding, animal nutrition, animal breeding, mechanization in animal husbandry, economics and statistics, biotechnology, animal products and processing technology, marketing.

Livestock activities can be classified as follows.

  • Cattle farming
  • Small ruminant farming
  • Poultry farming
  • Fishing
  • Beekeeping
  • Silkworm farming

Cattle farming

Cattle farming

Cattle breeding is a branch of animal husbandry that includes buffalo, horse, donkey and mule breeding. Dairy and beef cattle play an important role in the economies of countries by providing various products for human nutrition and health as well as various industries. Buffalo breeding is losing its former importance and the number of animals is gradually decreasing. With the development of horses, donkeys, mules and motor vehicles, the importance and number of animals has decreased.

Small ruminant farming

Small ruminant farming

Sheep breeding, goat breeding, rabbit and fur animal breeding. Aquaculture; Apart from hunting activity, it is a branch of animal husbandry that covers the cultivation of fish and other marine animals in a separated section of fresh and salt waters or in ponds and pools created. Carp and trout are the leading species in freshwater animal husbandry.

Poultry farming

Poultry farming

Poultry farming is a branch of animal husbandry that includes the breeding of poultry such as poultry, turkey, goose and duck breeding, quail breeding, ostrich breeding. Ornamental bird breeding is not included in this group as it is not considered an agricultural activity.

Poultry farming is the most advanced and most open to technology in the livestock sector. It is also the world’s biggest trump card in closing the animal protein deficit. Its main advantages are that it is easy and fast to produce and its cost is low. Among poultry farming, poultry is the leading sector with its production amount and potential.


It is the name given to the cultivation of the honey bee to obtain products such as honey and beeswax.

Silkworm farming

It is the name given to the breeding of silkworms to produce silk thread.

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