What is fertilization? What are the benefits? What should be considered?

Fertilization is the application of fertilizer to the soil or directly to the plant in order to achieve the intended yield and quality in plant production. Fertilizers are organic or inorganic compounds containing one or more plant nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, etc.) applied to the soil and plant in order to increase the development of plants, increase the amount of products and improve their qualities.

Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the most important plant nutrients required for plant nutrition. These are the nutrients that plants need the most and are generally not available in sufficient quantities in agricultural soils. In continuously cultivated soils, nutrients are lost by being absorbed by the plant, washed away by precipitation or evaporated in the form of gas. As a result, soils become poor and cannot feed the plants sufficiently. These substances must be reintroduced to the soil in order to increase the yield. If they are not reintroduced, the yield obtained from the unit area and therefore the profit obtained will decrease. Both the crops need to be fed and the water seeping into the soil removes a significant amount of nutrients from the soil. For these reasons, in order to get good products from the same soil continuously, the missing plant nutrients must be given to that soil. This is done by random fertilization.

In order to make the best use of fertilizers, it is necessary to pay attention to the time and manner in which fertilizer is applied to the soil. It is not enough just to know the type and amount of fertilizer to be used. In order to achieve the expected benefit from fertilizers, fertilizers should be applied to the soil in the most appropriate time and in the most accurate way. In this way, both product increase and abundant earnings are ensured and environmental health is not impaired.
fertilization in plants, cross fertilization, self fertilization

In order to increase the effect of fertilizers on crop increase, the time of fertilizer application should be adjusted according to the climate of the region, the character of the soil, the type of plant to be fertilized and the type of fertilizer to be given.

What is a good size follicle for fertilization?

Not all plants have the same nutritional needs. For this reason, the amount of nutrients in the soil should be determined first. According to the determined amount, it should be known which plant will be grown in which region and the amount of fertilizer should be determined accordingly. The main goal is to make a fertilization program based on soil analysis. In balanced and adequate fertilization, it is essential to get the highest yield with the least cost. For this reason, first soil analysis and then fertilization should be done. Fertilization has two main purposes. These are;

1-Enriching the soil with plant nutrients to make the soil more fertile,

2-To provide a better development environment for the plant to be grown by correcting the physical and biological properties of the soil.

Benefits of fertilization;

  • Increases the yield power of the soil and ensures higher profitability per unit area.
  • Improves the quality of products.
  • It ensures the continuity of productivity in the soil and makes the gain continuous.
  • Improves the chemical structure of the soil by increasing its nutrient content.
  • Increases soil fertility by increasing microorganism activity in the soil.
  • Creates a better development environment for plants.
  • It restores the nutrients that are removed from the soil in various ways back to the soil.

Fertilizers are usually applied by hand or machine by sprinkling them on the soil, or they are applied in a band in a line at a certain distance from the seed or plant, or in a hearth around the plant.

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